1. A BUILDING STRUCTURE, INCLUDING A SUPPORTING STRUCTURE AND INSULATION THEREFOR, FOR WITHSTANDING EXPANSIN AND CONTRACTION UNDER CYCLIC CHANGES OF TEMPERATURE, COMPRISING INSULATION ASSEMBLED ABOUT THE PERIPHERY OF THE STRUCTURE, A PLURALITY OF METALLIC EXPANDER BANDS EACH PROVIDED WITH A SERIES OF CORRUGATIONS ALTERNATING WITH UNCORRUGATED PORTIONS EXTENDING CIRCUMFERENTIALLY THEREOF, SAID BANDS BEING APPLIED UNDER A PREDETERMINED PRESSURE ABOUT THE PERIPHERAL SURFACE OF A SECTIN OF THE ASSEMBLED INSULTATION PROVIDING A PRIMARY STRETCH TO THE BAND AND SEALED IN THE STRETCHED POSITIN WHEREBY, AS THE EXPANDER BANDS EXPAND AND CONTRACT TENSION IS DISTRIBUTED SUBSTANTIALLY EQUALLY THROUGHOUT THE LENGTH THEREOF.
.166.142,1654 J.M.GERRARD v 2,666,004
STEEL STRAPPING AND SHIELD Filed June 6, 1950 f shield construction Patented Jan. 12, 1954 UNETFE STATE PATENT OFFICE srsEL srnaernvo AND1 SHIELD John lt/I. Gerrard, Melrose Park, Ill., assignor to A. J. Gerrard da Company, Melrose Park, Ill., a corporation' of Illinois application June e, 195o, serial No. 166,455
' '7 Claims. l
`This invention relates to steel strapping and a shield constructicntnereior, and, more particularly, -to an expanded band in the form oi an expanding and contracting steel strapping and ior retaining insulation and/or structural members on tanks, vessels, and the like or similar constructions.
Recently, there has been a rapid advancement inthe art 'of manufacturing insulation blocks and insulation substances, so that the previous methods for securing these insulation materials has become antiquated.
` It is, therefore, a principal object 'of the invention to provide a new method oi securing insulation members, and the like, to structures 'which expand and contract under various physical changes, for example-sueh as, changes of ter.
Another' object of the invention is to Yprovide an improved method oialnxing insulating blocks to a structure adapted to expand and contract under changes oi temperature, such as used in the chemical and rennery eld, wherein the temperature changes are substantially large.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel building structure, including a support structure and insulation therefor, for withstand ing expansion and contraction under cyclic changes of temperature.
Still another object of the invention is to pro.
Vide an improved form of expander band for aing structural members to a structure undergoing cyclic changes of temperature.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved form of expander band provided with corrugated and uncorrugated sections, and which is adapted to expand and contract within ua pre-determined range.
Another object of the invention is to provide -an improved expander band which may be simply erected by tensioning of the band and clamping the band in position upon the structure, tension being obtained by the device for assembling the band in position.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved expander band which is not contaminated by corrosive gases, and the like, to increase the life of the expander band.
Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved strap or expander band for fA-furthcr vobject of the invention is to provide strapping with varying amplitudes and cycles or 2 pitches tot the particularexpansion and contraction of each particular structure to which'the strapping is applied.
A still further object of the invention isV to provide an improved shield construction for the expander band to preventthe corrugations thereof, during the cyclic change of expansion-and Jcontraction, from destroying/the insulating blocks, and thelike, upon whichv the expander'band or strapping is aiiixed.
Other objects and advantages will'appearinthe course oi the specication, and-withY allor said objects and advantages 'in view, ,this`` invention consists in the several novel'features of construction, arrangement, and parts hereinafter fully set forth and more particularly deiined in `the .appended claims.
The invention is clearly illustrated inthe drawing accompanying this specification, lin which:
Fig. l is a plan vievv'ofJthe' expander vband of this inventionappliedabout the peripheryv'of an insulated tank construction-andthe like shown in cross-section;
Fig. 2 is a partial view, inelevation, oi the construction oi Fig. lillustratingthe expander band and shield therefor lfor afxing-blocks of insulation;
Fig. 3 is a vertical elevation of an enlarged section o1 the expanderv'bandillustrating a corrugated section thereofV and theV shield therefor;
Fig. i is a plan View of the `embodiment of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is an enlarged'plan view' similarl toFig. 4 of a modied form of a corrugated lsection-of the expander-band;
Fig. 6 is another embodiment of acorrugated section ofthe expander' band; and
Fig. 7 is still another modification oia corrugated section of the* expanderband.
Referring to the drawing, which-is mere-ly illustrative of several forms of the 'present invention, there is illustrated a tank construction' Ill,` such .as usedin the `chemical and refinery iieldyprovided with insulation il the form" of Yaseries of blocks I2 positioned about the periphery of the vessel I 0, as illustrated 'in- Fig. 2. `v The insulation blocks are held in position bythe improved strapping I3, as illustrated irrFigsvl and 2, for alilxing each row or section ofinsulation about the periphery of the vessel. Each expander band I3 is provided with a plurality of corrugated sections Il, and uncorrugated sections l5. Ashield is positioned underneath each corrugated section and the end sof the expander band, after tensioning, are' heid in piace by @damp ors'eai '11.'
the insulation I3 in the form of the blocks I2,
or other material, Will be held as constant as possible. f
It is also preferred to fabricate this strapping With varying amplitudes and cycles or pitches to t the expansion and contraction of each particular tank or vessel. It is possible, by varying the amplitude and pitch, to reduce or increase the spring action of the expander band I3. It has been found that with an amplitude of one-quarter of an inch, as shown in the embodiment of Fig. 4, and a pitch or cycle of onequarter of an inch, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, there is an eighteen percent loss in footage. Where less spring action is required, the footage is increased by reducing the amplitude and increasing the pitch or cycle.
There may be an infinite variety of corrugations possible, and this variety may be further extended by alternating the corrugated sections I4 with the uncorrugated sections I5 of the expander band in a ratio of one-third, one-half, and two-thirds. By this is meant, for example, that a corrugated section, one unit in length, will have an uncorrugated section following which is three units in length.
In fabricating the expander band, it is preferred to use a metal which is limited to those.
that will take a permanent set and not fatigue in a short period of time. It has been found that half hard steel, half hard steel stainless, and half hard Monel are the most practical metals to retain this set.
Since this improved construction is particu-'n' larly adapted for use in the chemical and refmery field, the surrounding air of chemical plants or refineries is very often contaminated with corrosive gases, which obviously would shorten the life of any less noble metal. Therefore, a preferred material from which it is contemplated fabricating the expander band is stainless steel; so-called Type 304, and Monel. It has been found also that the above metals will normally not hold the spring set unless the material is of a half hard` temper.
In order that the expander band may function properly, it has been found particularly desirable to also fabricate the expander band from metal strapping which may have a thickness within substantially the range of 0.016 inch to 0.028 inch.
It has been found in the fabrication of the spring-like expander band construction I3, that the following ve essential points are necessary :i
(l) type of metal; (2) hardness of metal; (v3) thickness and width of the metal; (4) varying the amplitude and cycles of the corrugations; and, (5) varying the interval of corrugation and plain metal. These various points have been carefully set out above, and the various ranges set forth within which an improved expander band may be fabricated in order to accomplish 4 the various objects of the invention.
Referring to Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive. the shield I6 is sometimes required in order to prevent the segments of the corrugated sections I4 from acting like saw teeth during the cyclic change of expansion and contraction when the expander band is mounted over soft, porous, insulating blocks I2. The flexible shield I6 is preferably formed of metal, usually of thinner gauge than the expander band, extending underneath the length of the corrugation, as shown in Fig. 3, and supported and depending from the expander band at each end by means of a hook I8 struck out from the shield, as shown in Fig. 3, to provide a slot within which the uncorrugated portions of the expander band are positioned, as shown. It is preferred to assemble the shield on the expander band by hooking the hooks I8 r over the expander band, as shown in Fig. 3.
This prevents the shields from becoming detached from the expander band, for example, if the expander band should fail to return upon contraction, and also in the assembly of the expander bands upon the structure to prevent the shields from being disassembled in the assembly of the expander bands on the structure. It is preferred to form the shields I5 wider than the width of the expander band, usually in a ratio of one and one-half to one.
IThe shield has been found particularly desirable for use with insulation such as ber glass and the like frangible forms of insulation, without which, the segmental portions of the corrugated section tends to destroy the surface of the ber glass with the cyclic changes of temperature.
Fig. 5 illustrates a modified form of expander band I3 formed with corrugations I4 having modified, undulating, arcuate, corrugated segments I9.
Fig. 6 illustrates another modification in which the expander band I3" is provided with corrugated sections I4" having V-shaped segments or corrugations 20.
Fig. 7 illustrates another modified form of an expander band I3" having corrugated sections Id" provided by substantially U-shaped and rectangular shaped segments 2l.
These modifications, as illustrated in Figs. 3 to 7, may be formed from spring-like strip metal in accordance with the ve points which have been found to be essential, and as set forth above for fabricating an improved form of corrugated expander band.
In the erection of a structure utilizing the improved expander band of this invention, referring to Figs. l and 2 for example, the blocks of insulation I2 are assembled and erected about the periphery of the vessel I0, after which the expander band I3, together with the shields I6, is positioned about the periphery, and the clamp I'I is placed in position. The ends of the expander band are placed under tension with a band cutter and tensioning device of the type disclosed and claimed in Gerrard U. S. Patent No. 2,199,744, granted May 7, 1940. After the expander band has had sufficient tension applied to it, so that it conforms to the periphery of the insulation II and holds the insulation firmly against the structure I0, the clamp I1 is aflixed with a suitable tool, and the extraend of the expander band is severed, as is well understood in the art. Another expander band I3 is then assembled in position, as shown in Fig. 2, so that one, two, or a plurality of expander bands may be applied for each section of insulation as the insulation is erected. The insulation may have suitable interlocking joints for aiding in the assembly and to prevent heat loss through the joints.
With the above assembly of insulation on a vessel, as described, the insulation and expander bands may undergo cyclic changes of temperature, wherein the expander bands may contract and expand with the changes in temperature, so that the pressure exerted against the insulation will be held as constant as possible, and without a permanent set being taken in the expander band, preventing the expander band from returning to its original position at the lowest temperature of the range.
From the above disclosure, it is obvious that there has been disclosed an improved form of expander band and method of applying a band, and the resultant structure therefrom, which is particularly adapted for use in applying insulation to structural vessels used in the chemical and refinery industries. Although having been disclosed with reference to these industries, it is also obvious that the construction is suitably adapted for the insulation of home water heaters, and the like, and for other adaptations which will occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention.
Having thus described this invention, it is obvious that various immaterial modiiications may be made in the same Without departing from the spirit of this invention; hence, it is not desired to be understood as limiting the invention to the exact form, construction, arrangement, and combination of parts herein shown and described, or uses mentioned.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A building structure, including a supporting structure and insulation therefor, for withstanding expansion and contraction under cyclic changes of temperature, comprising insulation assembled about the periphery of the structure, a plurality of metallic expander bands each provided with a series of corrugations alternating with uncorrugated portions extending circumferentially thereof, said bands being appiied under a predetermined pressure about the peripheral surface of a section of the assembled insulation providing a primary stretch to the band and sealed in the stretched position whereby, as the expander bands expand and contract tension is distributed substantially equally throughout the length thereof.
2. In a building structure as defined in claim 1 wherein each of the metallic expander bands thereof comprises a corrugated section having a plurality of segments, each of said segments forming a minute spring formed within substantially the range 0.0005 inch to 0.0065 inch and adapted to expand and contract under changes of temperature.
3. In a building structure as defined in claim 2 wherein the thickness of the cross section of said metallic expander bands vary within the range of from 0.016 to 0.028 inch.
4. A building structure, including a supporting structure and insulation therefor, for withstanding expansion and contraction under cyclic changes of temperature, comprising insulation assembled about the periphery of the structure, a corrugated metallic expander band provided with a series of transverse corrugations extendinglongitudinally thereof, said band being applied about the peripheral surface of a Section of the assembled insulation by tensioning and then clamping the expander band providing a primary stretch to said band, and a shield carried by said expander band positioned between said band and said insulation and adapted to be applied subsequent to the band.
5. A metal expander band for aiiixing structural building members to a supporting building structure undergoing cyclic changes of temperature comprising, in combination, a corrugated section and an uncorrugated section, a shield adapted to be mounted between the corrugated section and the structural members, and means for mounting the shield on the expander band.
6. A metallic expander band for aixing structural building members to a supporting building structure undergoing cyclic physical changes comprising, in combination, a corrugated section and an uncorrugated section, a shield adapted to be mounted between the corrugated section and the structural members, means for detachably mounting the shield on the expander band and adapted to be applied `subsequent to the latter, said means comprising struck-out portions from the shield adapted to engage the uncorrugated sections of the band contiguous to the ends of the corrugated sections.
7. An expander band for afxing structural members to a structure adapted to expand and contract due to physical changes in the structure, comprising a corrugated section having a plurality of segments, each of said segments forming -a minute spring formed within substantially the range 0.0005 inch to 0.0065 inch and adapted to expand and contract under changes of temperature, said expander band having a cross-sectional thickness Varying Within the range of from 0.016 to 0.028 inch.
JOHN M. GERHARD.
References Cited in the file of thispatent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 221,655 House et al Nov. 11, 1879 '742,689 Lord Oct. 27, 1903 1,351,772 Libbey Sept. 7, 1920 1,580,413 Cover Apr. 13, 1926 1,592,479 Williams July 13, 1926 1,778,955 Morrill Oct. 21, 1930 2,324,181 Tulien July 13, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 541,951 Great Britain Dec. 18, 1941