Image dissecting and modifying lenses for spectacles

Abstract

Claims

'R. FRAIGE 3,549, IMAGE DISSECTING AND MODIFYING LENSES FOR S'PECTACLES Dec. 22, 1970 Filed March 26, 1968 INVENTOR RICHARD FHA/6E ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,549,302 IMAGE DISSECTING AND MODIFYING LENSES EOR SPECTACLES Richard Fraige, Alameda, Calif., assignor to C & F Products, Inc., San Francisco, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Mar. 26, 1968, Ser. No. 716,031 The portion of the term of the patent subsequent to Dec. 3, 1982, has been disclaimed Int. Cl. G02b 25/00 US. Cl. 350-146 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A lens for the right eye and a lens for the left eye in a spectacle frame; the lenses are formed of clear or colortinted, transparent material such as Lucite. The outside face of each lens is formed with 21 primary facets converging toward one another. The facets are of a variety of shapes so that each facet reproduces its own image and each image is refracted in such a way that several images are seen simultaneously, depending on the viewing position of the object, and thereby a kaleidoscopic effect is produced. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Previously spectacle lenses in the art had increasing or varying dioptric curvature on bifocal or multifocal lenses, also stereoscopic lenses were adjustable separately for viewing stereoscopic pairs of pictures so as to create a depth or third dimension. In the herein invention a multiplicity of overlapping refracted images are produced so as to vary in accordance with the position of the object and according to the direction in which the eye is turned. This kaleidoscopic effect is accomplished by providing the lens with a number of facets of various shapes and angles arranged so that the adjacent facets are at suitable angles to one another and are grouped about the center or apex of the lens thereby to retract individual images through said facets in overlapping relation. DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a spectacle with a multiple-faceted lens for each eye. FIG. 2 is a front view of the spectacle with said lenses. FIG. 3 is a rear view from the viewing side of the spectacle with the lenses partly in section. FIG. 4 is a sectional view of one of the lenses with the section being taken on lines 4-4 of FIG. 2. FIG. 5 is a sectional view of one of the lenses, the section being taken on lines 55 of FIG. 2. DETAILED DESCRIPTION A right lens 1 and a left lens 2 are suitably framed in a spectacle frame 3. Each lens is made of clear or color-tinted, transparent material, for instance, molded Lucite. Each lens has a convex outside or front face 4 and a flat viewing face 5 adjacent the eye. The flat viewing face 5 is surrounded by a flange 6 which extends around the entire periphery of the lens so as to form a recess 7 at the fiat face 5. The flange 6 is of such depth that when the lens is mounted in the usual frame 3 then it cates the fiat viewing face 5 of each lens approximately ten mm. from the viewing eye. 'ice The convexity of the convex face 4 of each lens is such that the apex or approximate center 8 of each lens is approximately twelve mm. from the fiat face 5. Thus the convex face 4 of each lens is about twelve mm. thick at the apex 8 and it converges toward the fiat face 5 toward the respective peripheral edges of the lens all around. There are about twenty-one primary facets formed on the convex face 4 adjacent to one another, each facet being inclined and converging away from the apex and toward the flat face at different angles, but generally toward the respective edges of the lens. In the illustrative embodiment herein there are a pair of narrow triangular prismatic facets 9 and 10 extending away from the apex in opposite directions. The rounded base 11 of the triangular 10 is at the apex 8 and an angle or point 12 of the facet 9 is at the apex 8. Another generally triangular facet 13 has its point at the apex 8 and its base spaced from the apex 8 and lying alongside the facet 10. Between the triangular facets are a plurality of irregular substantially trapezoidal facets 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 so as to cluster around the apex 8 but their planes converge outwardly toward the outer edges of the flat face 5 toward the periphery of the lens. The space between the peripheral edge of each lens and the central cluster of facets contains various sizes of facets 19 of various polygonal outlines. The individual facets, for instance facet 17, incline in two directions so that the facets lie in irregular intersecting planes thereby to refract the images in different directions and at different intersecting angles. The result is that the viewer receives several overlapping images simultaneously from several directions creating a kaleidoscopic-like design. Being that the lenses for the right and the left eye are identical in this illustration, a third dimensional effect is also achieved. As the head is turned, or the eyes are turned, or the object moves, the design of the overlapping images changes as the respective images are refracted in different directions and modified differently. - I claim: I 1. In an image dissecting and modifying spectacle, the combination with a spectacle frame, (a) a lens of transparent material for each eye secured in said frame, (b) a plurality of facets, in different adjacent intersecting planes, at different intersecting angles on at least one face of each lens, (c) said facets being a variety of shapes, different from one another whereby said lenses refract several different overlapping images, (d) the said facets being grouped about the center of each lens so as to result in different thicknesses between the center of the lens and the periphery of the lens, and being so located in said frame that the respective facets on the lenses for both eyes retract the images substantially identically, the two lenses being held in fixed relation to one another by said spectacle frame and the group facets on the two lenses being held symmetrically. 2. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said lens is the thickest at said apex and is reduced in thickness toward the periphery of the lens. 3. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein the other face of each lens is fiat. 4. The invention defined in claim 1 and (e) said lens being the thickest at said apex and said facets converging toward the periphery of the lens, 3 (f) the face of each lens adjacent the eye being flat and being recessed for spacing from the eye, and (g) said spectacle frame supporting said lens so that the recessed fiat sides of the lens are toward the viewer. References Cited 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1924 =Willson 350189 12/1928 Crockett 350213 5/1940 Cristiani et a1. 350189 10 9/1960 Montebello 350130 4 8/1963 Posner 350-204 12/1968 Fraige D57-1 FOREIGN PATENTS 1888 Great Britain 350193 1900' Great Britain 350-189 U.S. Cl. X.R.

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Cited By (6)

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    US-4554459-ANovember 19, 1985Fujitec Co., Ltd.Monitoring system for a predetermined field of view
    US-5002383-AMarch 26, 1991Sisler Hampson APolyprismatic lens for enhancing human ocular motility
    US-5335110-AAugust 02, 1994Shin Suk KStereo multi-vision scope for sightseeing
    US-6361165-B1March 26, 2002Werkhaus Design + Produktion GmbhFlyglasses
    US-D745074-SDecember 08, 2015Pamela TietzeEyewear with faceted lenses
    WO-9853356-A1November 26, 1998Suk Kyun ShinDispositif multivision stereo pour voir le paysage, capable de commander la rotation des deux lentilles